Bullying is defined as repeated aggressive behaviors of a person or a group to hurt, upset and cause stress to a victim who is usually physically, mentally or socially weaker than the bully. Therefore, bullying can be considered to have three components; repetition, power imbalance, and intention to hurt physically, mentally, or socially. Well-known types ofbullying are cyberbullying and peer bullying. Although it is not as prominent as peer-bullying or cyberbullying, there areother types of bullying that equally harm the school environment.
The focus of the project is the bullying by school stafftowards students and by students towards the school staff, which we call this type of bullying as ‘school-based bullying’.
Studies have found that people at any age who have been bullied can experience negative psychological, physical, and academic results that directly affect schools' general success and lead to failure in schools. The psychological effects of bullying include depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, self-harming behavior, alcohol and drug use and dependence, aggression, and involvement in violence or crime.
The physical effects of bullying can be obvious and immediate such asbeing injured from a physical attack. The environment in schools is very significant in terms of thedevelopment of students' academic success as well as their mental health. Negative experiences that may be experienced in schools cause long and short term adverse effects.
Bullying is undoubtedly the leading cause of disruptionand early drop-outs. Interestingly, bullying can be committed consciously or unconsciously. Although, many school administrators and teachers state that there is no bullying in their schools, it isexperienced in almost every school in the world.
It is known that some schools try to hide and cover the presence of bullying. The problem is not taken seriously, it is ignored and covered. Behaviors such as mocking, insulting, threatening with marks (passing grades) knowingly or unintentionally are considered bullying types made by teachers.